When dead skin cells, oils or bacteria block the skin pore, pimples are formed. Nodules and cysts otherwise known as hard pimples are often more inflamed and deeper than normal.
In this guide, we would be addressing best methods of addressing this skin problem. We also will be talking about types of pimples, their causes and suggest ways to getting rid of them.
Types of pimples include:
Whiteheads: Whiteheads are also known as closed comedones as they do not break the surface of the skin.
Blackheads: Blackheads on the other hand are known as open comedones. And, they break the surface of the skin. When air react to the inside of the pimple then the black appearance is formed.
Papules: Papules are formed when an infected follicle or skin pore is near the skin surface. They are always sensitive to touch.
Pustules: are similar to papules but are redder and contain pus.
Nodules: Nodules are a type of hard pimple that are usually large and painful. Nodules form when an infected follicle or skin pore is found deep below the skin surface.
Cysts: Cysts are noncancerous, closed pockets of tissue that can be filled with fluid, pus, or other material.
Recent studies show that pimples and acne are a common occurrence among people aged 11 to 30 having an outbreak at some point.
Generally, the pimples most individuals get tends to disappear as quickly as it comes and this gives them a different view and perspective of pimples be it mild, moderate or mild.
Typically, examples of mild acne are Blackheads and Whiteheads. Examples of moderate acne are nodules, papules, and pustules. Tender red and painful nodules are seen as severe acne and are advised to be taken seriously and treated fast.
There is always a high chance of scarring in most severe cases. These scars are in most cases than not flat and barely noticeable or sometimes if the connective tissues were severely damaged can create pockmarks or indentations.
The American Academy of Dermatology recommends that visiting a dermatologist for first hand treatment is the best course of action if at-home treatment/medication seems not to be working within the first 4-8 weeks of starting the treatment.
The development and growth of pimples be it mild, moderate or hard are all influenced by various different elements. Some of which includes the following:
Excess oil on the skin: There is a high chance of developing a hard pimple when this occur. This is as a result of the body producing excess or lots of facial oil or sebum. This leads to dead skin cells sticking together and blocking up the pores.
Changes in hormone levels: This is commonly seen during puberty in men and women. It occurs when there is an increased level of testosterone in the body thereby leading to an increased production of sebum.
Bacteria: Bacteria can easily enter the skin pore and cause pimples when the pore becomes blocked either by excess facial oil, sebum or dead skin cells.
Family history: Sometimes, this can be hereditary.
Medications: Sometimes, pimples are caused as a result of some side effects from one medication or the other.
Outbreaks can becomes far worse especially for those individuals already developing pimples. The following can escalate things:
- Rubbing and chafing across affected areas
- Popping out or squeezing out existing pimples
- Rough scrubbing of affected areas
Acne in most cases that not is caused by the skin generating more facial oils that needed and not really caused by poor hygiene.
Nonetheless, maintaining a very good hygiene can reduce outbreaks and hinder the development of any and all kinds of pimples.
Regular cleaning: When cleaning using a gentle cleanser to keep the pores open would keep the bacteria away and help reduce and build-up of dead skin cells.
Washing hair regularly: If hair is naturally or often oily, regular washing is very necessary. Keeping hair away from the skin and face can help reduce the development of pimples.
Avoid touching the face: Frequent touching of the face leads to the wide spread of dirt and oil and thereby leading to flare-ups.
Choose products wisely: When selecting skin or facial, it’s very paramount to always make it a point of duty to intimate yourself with the instructions and contents of such product so as to know if it will help or worsen the condition of your skin. These are sometimes called non-comedogenic.
Hard pimples are a special kind of pimples than most times can be very difficult to remove than other kinds as they always come in larger and deeper sizes. They are otherwise known as blind pimples, meaning they have no head.
Sometimes, the severity of a pimple determines whether it can be treated at home or requires medical attention.
A person can use the following methods to treat a pimple at home. They are:
Creams and ointments: The American Academy of Dermatology always advice and recommend that when getting over-the-counter creams, one should look out for skin products that contains benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, and sulfur.
Warm compress: A warm compress can soften the spot, allowing pus to come to the surface. It can help also help a blind pimple come to a head.
Tea tree oil: A study from 2007 suggested that, compared to a placebo, tea tree oil was 3.5 times more effective in reducing the number of acne lesions and 5.75 times more effective at reducing the severity of an outbreak.
Vitamin-based creams: The data on how well these products work is not conclusive, and the concentrations of active ingredients, such as retinol or zinc, can vary between products.
Forcing pimples open at home should be avoided at all cost, especially when they are still very much hard, deep pimples. Trying to do this might:
- Increase the actual size of a pimple
- increase inflammation
- Send the pus and dirt deeper into the pore
- Higher risk of infection
- Leads to scarring
If a hard pimple is bringing discomfort, a doctor can extract it safely and easily. They may be able to easily remove it, or for deeper pimples, they may require to use a corticosteroid injection.